How Romney Avoided Paying Taxes via Complex Offshore Tax Havens

Wednesday, October 3, 2012


Mitt Romney Gazes at the Cayman Islands through the Window of His Airplane

There’s been much speculation about Mitt Romney’s numerous, murky offshore tax havens. I would argue much of the speculation can be traced to Romney’s refusal to disclose how many millions he and wife Ann have stashed in the Cayman Islands,  Luxembourg, Ireland, Switzerland and Bermuda.

Luckily for us, Greg Gordon at McClatchy Newspapers meticulously delved into the complex world of Mitt Romney’s finances and he’s discovered Romney’s former private equity firm used a half-dozen companies and partnerships in the tax havens of Luxembourg, Ireland and the Grand Caymans four years ago to channel $689 million in loans to a U.S. company that it co-owned.

This is only one of a maze of transactions involving the Romney family portfolio that were engineered in tax-neutral nations. The gradual emergence of outlines of these deals in recent weeks has prompted experts to challenge Romney’s pronouncement that his scores of offshore investments haven’t lowered his federal taxes by so much as a dollar.

Remember, the New York Times reported Tuesday it obtained documents showing an offshore fund in which Romney’s investment retirement account held an interest probably used a “blocker” — an intermediary company, that legally insulated the White House hopeful [Romney] from paying 35 percent in taxes.

David Miller, a prominent New York tax attorney, told McClatchy:

“It appears likely that offshore entities helped his investments avoid taxes or adverse tax consequences.”

The offshore deals are generally legal, typically structured to shield pension funds, foundations and other tax-exempt organizations from U.S. taxes, and foreign investors from U.S. taxes or taxes in their own countries. The California State Teachers’ Retirement System, for example, has since 2006 invested more than $500 million in three of the funds in which Ann Romney’s trust holds a stake.

As of Dec. 31, 2011, Romney and his family had as much as $50 million or more invested abroad, according to his disclosures. His extensive offshore investments have drawn scrutiny for multiple reasons:

 Romney pioneered Bain Capital’s offshore tax strategies, forming partnerships and companies in the late 1990s in Bermuda, the Grand Caymans and Luxembourg that helped spawn a system now criticized for minimizing tax revenue.

 By refusing to release more than two years of his tax returns, fewer than most party nominees in recent presidential elections, Romney has fueled suspicions that he has something to hide, perhaps related to his offshore investments.

 Documents released to date have enabled Democrats to paint the former Massachusetts governor as an aristocrat who’s capitalized on tax loopholes that are out of reach for average Americans.

Daniel Shaviro, a law professor specializing in tax policy at NYU said:

“I admit I’m in many ways not sympathetic to his candidacy, but it does really raise questions about his thinking and about his values.”

Among the transactions that have piqued interest are those flowing from Bain Capital’s purchase of ownership interests in two U.S. chains, the arts and crafts retailer Michaels Stores and HD Supply Inc., Home Depot’s former home improvement supply arm, whose sales were hurt by a sharp downturn in the housing market when it was acquired in 2007.

In each case, Bain Capital and its co-owners later bought back debt at a fat discount as those companies struggled for survival. Michaels Stores’ outstanding debt fell by $164 million to $28 million. At HD Supply, Bain bought $953 million in debt for $689 million, a drop of $264 million.

The Internal Revenue Code normally imposes a 35 percent tax on the sum of canceled debt if it was purchased by the underlying company or a related party. By lending through Luxembourg, and in HD Supply’s case through a string of companies in Luxembourg, Ireland and the Caymans, Bain created separation from those businesses, tax lawyers said.

Unfortunately for the American people, who will shoulder the burden of Romney’s creative tax avoidance scheme, the U.S. Congress — who writes tax law, weren’t clever enough to stay a step ahead of a scoundrel like Mitt Romney.

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6 Responses to How Romney Avoided Paying Taxes via Complex Offshore Tax Havens

  1. retahyajyajav says:

    The do-nothing congress could very easily close these loopholes and make them effective 2007. This would force Romney to pay back taxes. This is why I think Romney refuses to release prior years tax returns. If he does so, he’s opening himself up to enormous tax penalties.

  2. Harry says:

    All roads lead to Bain Capital.

  3. TOM339 says:

    I don’t pretend to understand the intricacies of tax law. Which is why I go to H&R Block each year.

    But what we have here in Mitt Romney is a man worth at least $250 million who can form bogus companies whose sole purpose is to find ways around the U.S. tax code and pocket as much of his ill-gotten gain as possible.

    Romney is an aristocrat and if the polls are correct, 40% of the voters want an aristocrat in the White House, running this country. I don’t get it.

  4. Rachel says:

    Props to Greg Gordon for following the Romney/Bain/offshore trail. This is the type of journalism we once took for granted from the media but no more. Today, the media is staffed with men and women more worried about access than investigating stories and leads.

  5. ChiTOM says:

    Romney admits to paying a marginal rate of 14.1%. Nice. I paid nearly 20%. Yet, Romney thinks he’s contributed his fair share. It’s remarkable and a tale of two Americas. He’d better watch out or the voters may decide it’s time to eat the rich — not elect them.

  6. Randy Arroyo says:

    Great post, Christopher.

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